The National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago, the largest European Marine Park, protects terrestrial area of just under eighteen thousand hectares, and a marine area of approximately sixty thousand hectares. It embraces all the seven main Islands of the Tuscan Archipelago and some small islands and rocks, such as: Formiche della Zanca, Ogliera, Scoglio della Triglia, Isola Corbella, Isole Gemini, Isolotto d'Ortano, Isola dei Topi and Scoglietto di Portoferraio near Elba Island; Isole della Cappa near Giglio Island; Scarpa and Scola near Pianosa; Peraiola near Capraia; Scoglio d'Africa near Montecristo and Palmaiola and Cerboli, in Piombino channel.
When the Tyrrhenian Venus emerged from the waves of the sea, seven pearles fell from her necklace, and so the Islands were born. They are Elba, Giglio, Capraia, Gorgona, Pianosa, Giannutri and Montecristo.
About 80 miles (150 Km) separate Gorgona, the most Northern and the smallest from Giannutri, the Southern. In the middle, Capraia, Elba, Pianosa, Montecristo and Giglio. As the pearles of a necklace, each island differs from the others. Each island retains traces of her own hystory, each island is unique, typical with only one common denominator: the beauty of her nature. The necklace of these pearles is the sea, the sea that saw ships of different periods, from the Etruscan to the Greek ones, from the Roman to the Saracen ones, from the Pisan to the Spanish ones. And then The French ones, the English, the German ones, always speeder and more modern. And these days it sees, every days, recreation ships, ferry-boats and cruise ships.
The sea remains the same, with its quiet and its storms, bizarre and unforeseeable as only the Mediterranean sea is, but only warm and cosy, old and new in the same time, in every wave, in every surf direct to one of the innumerable baeches. The eighth gem of the Archipelago, with unsuspicious riches: some created by neature, some stolen from the sea to the unwary sailor, eager for facing its strenghth. Everybody's help is needed to protect this extraordinary, rich, ecological territory. But, in the same time, it is necessary to promote the economical development, in respect of the ambient, by exploiting the identity of the territory and of the sea, in order to let the Tuscan archipelago park to be a common heritage.